what are the different types of nbn™ connections?

As the nbn™ network continues to be rolled out, set to be finished by the end of 2020, you’ll learn that people are being connected to the nbn™ network in a number of different ways. The nbn™ network is being distributed like this because of the vast land mass of Australia – some people live in rural areas, where it wouldn’t be feasible to connect every home directly to the nbn™ network in the same way, while others live in massive apartment blocks in the middle of large cities.

In order to make sure that every single home and business in Australia is connected to the nbn™ network, it is distributed using seven different connection types – Fibre to the Premises (FTTP), Fibre to the Node (FTTN), Fibre to the Building (FTTB), Fibre to the Curb (FTTC), Hybrid-Fibre Coaxial (HFC), Fixed Wireless and Sky Muster satellite. All of these connections will have an effect on the performance of your internet, so if you want to learn more about how the nbn™ network is being connected to your home or business, don’t worry, MATE has you covered. Simply enter your home or business address into our online checker, and we’ll be able to tell you if you’re connected and how you’re connected to the nbn™ network.

fibre to the premises (FTTP)

Fibre to the Premises (FTTP), also known as fibre to the home, is the one of the best ways that the nbn™ network can be connected to your home. It uses fibre optic cables to connect your home directly to the nbn™ network, rather than having to be connected to a distribution unit, or use a different type of cabling/connection when it gets to your home. This means that you’re getting the most consistent delivery of high-speed internet; an advantage that you don’t have to pay a cent extra for. Because the nbn™ network is relatively new, this type of connection is primarily being done for new homes in metro areas.

Although you get the best possible type of connection to the nbn™ network, your home still has to be connected to the nbn™ network, which means that you may receive a visit from an nbn™ technician, who will install the nbn™ connection box in a location of your choice. But this location needs to meet certain requirements, such as needing to be close to a power point, needing to be away from areas where it can easily be damaged and needing to be a cool, dry area, so that the nbn™ connection box doesn’t get damaged by moisture. If you’re unsure about where in your home the nbn™ connection box should be, talk to your nbn™ technician on the day of the installation to find the perfect spot.

What are the benefits of having the nbn™ network?

Source: NBN

fibre to the node (FTTN)

Fibre to the Node (FTTN) is one of the most common nbn™ connection types. Instead of using fibre optic cables all the way up to your home, a Fibre to the Node connection uses fibre up to a node, which will be a “hub” somewhere in your street where all the cables run into. From this point, existing copper telephone lines are used to connect homes to the nbn™ network. Unlike direct fibre optic cabling that’s been rolled out with FTTP, the copper cabling used in the old telephony infrastructure was not initially built to work with high-speed internet, as copper cabling can handle less bandwidth. As a result, if you have an FTTN connection, you may expect slower download and upload speeds than those that you would get from having an FTTP connection. But how does an FTTN connection work? An FTTN connection works similar to an ADSL connection. However, your internet provider will need to provide you with a new VDSL modem that’s ready for the FTTN nbn™ network. After you’ve received this modem, simply connect it to the telephone wall socket and the power and you’ll be good to go. At MATE, we’ve got the NetComm NF18 Wi-Fi modem router, a high-quality VDSL modem that’s pre-configured for your network, making it easy to install. If you’d like to learn more about how you can get this modem with our nbn™ plans, check out our website, or give us a call on 13 14 13 today.

fttn diagram

Source: NBN

fibre to the building (FTTB)

If you live in an apartment building or your business is in an office block, you’ll most likely be connected to the nbn™ network via a Fibre to the Building (FTTB) connection. How an FTTB connection works is that fibre optic cable from outside is run to a fibre node that is set up in your building’s connection room, usually in a cabinet in order to prevent vandalism and other forms of damage. Once this node has been set up in your building, the fibre node will be connected to a VDSL modem using any existing copper telephone line infrastructure in the building, similar to how the nbn™ network is brought to buildings using an FTTN connection.

Because of the similarities between FTTB and FTTN connections, before your connection to the nbn™ network can be complete, you’ll need to have an VDSL modem to connect to it. Thankfully, you can rely on the pre-configured Netcomm NF18 Wi-Fi modem router brought to you by MATE. If you’d like to learn more about this modem or any of our nbn™ plans, check out our website, or call our friendly team on 13 14 13 today.

what are the benefits of having the nbn™ network?

The main benefit of the nbn™ network is a far quicker and far more consistent internet connection than what can be achieved than on the old copper and cable infrastructure. This provides a lot of immediate benefits, as faster downloads, gaming and streaming.

The presence of faster internet also brings a range of other benefits, such as improved quality of healthcare and education. The introduction of the nbn™ network also allows us to compete more in national and international business, allowing the nation to improve its economy.

Benefits fo having nbn network

fibre to the curb (FTTC)

A Fibre to the Curb (FTTC) connection is something of a hybrid between an FTTP connection and an FTTN connection. As a result, an FTTC connection provides a better connection that what’s provided through an FTTN connection without having the installation requirements that are needed in order to have an FTTP connection.

But how does an FTTC connection work? Fibre optic cable is connected to a Distribution Point Unit (DPU), which can normally be found in a pit on the street, allowing it to be connected to every home in the vicinity. Once the DPU has been set up in your area, the nbn™ network will be brought to your home or business via the existing copper telephone line connecting to the DPU.

From here, the copper telephone line will be connected to your nbn™ connection box via a standard telephone wall socket. Although this box will normally be set up by an nbn ™ technician on the date of installation, there are many instances where you will be able to perform a self-installation of the nbn™ connection box yourself. Once the nbn™ connection box has been set up, you’ll be able to connect to your modem or router, and you’ll be ready to go.

fibre to the curb (FTTC)

Source: NBN

hybrid fibre-coaxial (HFC)

If you have some type of cable connection in your home, such as a cable tv connection, or a Telstra or Optus cable internet service, then it’s likely that your home will be serviced by a Hybrid Fibre-Coaxial (HFC). A HFC connection works by having a coaxial cable run through to a splitter, which allows the connection to be split, with one coaxial cable running to your cable TV (if applicable) and the other coaxial cable running to your nbn™ connection box. You then plug your modem or router into this device, allowing you to take advantage of the nbn™ network.

However, before all of this can begin, your home or business will need an nbn™ access network device, which needs to be installed by an nbn™ technician. In order to have your nbn™ access network device installed, simply book an appointment with an approved nbn™ installer or with an internet service provider. Thankfully, MATE is one of those providers, and we’re all about making sure that you can get the most out of the nbn™ network. If you’re looking get more out of your internet connection, check out our nbn™ plans or give us a call on 13 14 13 and ask about the installations necessary for a Hybrid Fibre-Coaxial connection.

hybrid fibre-coaxial (HFC)

Source: NBN

fixed wireless connection

One of two wireless connections available to access the nbn™ network, Fixed Wireless is designed to reach the people who don’t live in capital cities or regional cities, instead living in more rural areas. The Fixed Wireless connection is designed to reach the 500,000 premises in these areas, establishing the nbn™ network in these areas through the use of over 2,500 transmission towers, to make sure that adequate internet service is spread out amongst the rural areas.

From the transmission towers, a fixed wireless connection is made by using a satellite to receive the transmissions sent by the tower that covers its area and this transmission is sent from the satellite to the nbn™ connection box, providing you with access to the nbn™ network. Because the connection is effectively using a wireless signal, there are many different factors which can determine how well your connection to the nbn™ network performs, such as distance from the transmission towers, if you use it during typical busy periods, such as weekends or evenings, reception, the quality of your equipment and many other factors including the weather.

If you need a Fixed Wireless connection in order to access the nbn™ network, you’ll need both a nbn™ connection box inside and an nbn™ satellite dish outside on your roof. Once these will need to be installed by an approved nbn™ installer which your internet service provider will organise on your behalf. At MATE, we take pride in being one of an internet service providers that can help streamline the process of setting up your Fixed Wireless connection. If you’re looking to set up your Fixed Wireless connection with us, simply look at our range of quality nbn™ plans or give us a call on 13 14 13 to discuss your requirements for the nbn™ network.


Sky Muster™ satellite connection

A Sky Muster™ satellite connection works in a similar way to many other satellites, with two satellites (NBN-Co 1A and NBN-Co 1B) delivering the nbn™ network to homes and businesses in remote areas, which receive the nbn™ network via satellite, which then feeds through to a modem that’s been supplied by nbn™.

But like other wirelessly connected technology, the effectiveness of the Sky Muster™ satellite connection can be affected by a number of different things, including location of the satellite, weather, typical busy periods and a whole range of other factors. Unfortunately, MATE is unable to offer nbn™ services that use the Sky Muster™ technology.

Sky Muster™ satellite connection

Source: NBN


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Other Frequently Asked Questions about the nbn™

can I choose the type of nbn™ connection that my home or business has?

Generally not. Different type of connections to the nbn™ network are based on the accessibility of different technologies in a certain area. For example, estates in development in capital cities may be able to have the nbn™ network installed directly into a building, as no previous technology has been installed yet. In contrast, there may be no feasible way to directly connect any fibre optic cable from the nbn™ network to homes and businesses in remote or regional areas. This issue rules out a lot of ways that homes in these locations can be connected to the nbn™ network.

Because of these ways result in differing internet speeds, you’ll need to set up your internet plan and equipment to make sure that you get the internet speed you need or want regardless of the area you’re in and the connection that you have. If you’re looking for the perfect plan, talk to the team at MATE. We’ve got a range of nbn™ plans that are made to suit a variety of different lifestyles. If you’d like to learn more, visit our0 website or give us a call on 13 14 13 today.

how do I determine what type of connection my home or business has?

As an entire home or business can be very dependent on their connection to the outside world, a stable and fast internet connection is important. In some instances, you’ll need to prepare your internet so that your connection to the nbn™ network doesn’t affect its performance.

If you want to find out how your home or business is connected to the nbn™ network, don’t worry, MATE is here to help. Simply put your home or business address into our handy online checker, and we’ll let you know if your home or business is connected to the nbn™ network and how it’s been connected. Alternatively, if you’re unable to find your home or business on our online checker, give our team a call on 13 14 13 and we’ll help you find out how you’ve been connected to the nbn™ network.

am I stuck with the nbn ™ network connection that I have?

This is very dependent on the type of connection that you currently have, and where you live. For those who have an FTTN connection, and long for the slightly faster internet speeds that are associated with the FTTP connections that are happening with new developments, it’s very likely that the copper cable infrastructure that’s being used for connections in more established areas may eventually be replaced with the optic fibre cable that’s designed to better handle internet connections.

However, there are other connection types, such as Sky Muster™ satellite connections, that are in place due to the lack of eligibility of other connection types, as they require a physical optic fibre cable in order to work, whereas Sky Muster™ technology is wireless, making is perfect for bringing the nbn™ network to Australia’s more remote locations, such as the many islands that surround the mainland.

do I need to be connected to the nbn™ network?

Eventually, yes. As the nbn™ network is being rolled out, it will replace the old copper fibre infrastructure, which means that any existing fixed-line connections made using this infrastructure will be disconnected. As well as this, this rollout is expected to be completed by the end of 2020, which means that it won’t be long before all fixed-wire connections will be made using the nbn™ network. If you haven’t prepared, depending on your area, you’ll need to prepare for the nbn™ network very soon.

If you’re finding that you need to be connected to the nbn™ network in order to keep a fixed line connection to your home or business, you’ll need to contact an internet service provider. Thankfully, MATE is one of these internet service providers, and we’re more than happy to help you in getting your home or business connected to the nbn™ network. Whether you’re looking for a plan or need help getting started, check out our website or give us a call and one of our friendly team members will be able to help you.

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